Mitigation project example

Waste management in Peru

The waste management policy in Peru is not being enforced. A civil servant is approached by a private company proposing a clean-up of the country's unmanaged landfills emitting significant amounts of methane. It is decided to aim at developing a NAMA and an application is submitted to the ADMIRE project through the electronic application system. The application is approved based on the potential for private sector involvement, the need for assistance in presenting the case to the political level, and the opportunity to structure the finance around a comprehensive waste management system.

UDP is contracted by UNOPS to provide the services based on a generic set of Terms of Reference, the original application, and suggestions developed through due diligence process prior to approving the application.

The services consist of the following: Stock-taking of the waste sector, through the involvement of a local waste management expert; evaluation of the local private sector's capabilities; analysis of the political context and the possible limitations for a private operation of the waste sector (direct interaction with policy makers); structuring of a financing plan that includes current financial flows for waste collection as well as options for power generation from methane extracted from the landfills, drafting regulations for implementation (with options for drafting TORs for private sector bidding); and, interaction with financiers for the public sector contribution to the cash flows in the sector (under the assumption that current and future cash flows through fee collection cannot provide sufficient returns on investments for a private sector operator). The UDP team will 'stay tuned' with development and stand by for additional advice throughout implementation of the action.

The work may require 18-24 months for development prior to actual implementation. It requires financial structuring to be optimized, as well as framing of the task. For example, for particularly expensive or remote landfills may be excluded from a private contract. Stakeholder consultation may equally prolong processes, although most stakeholder consultation will be undertaken as part of the implementation.

Adaptation project example

Capacity development for coastal zone development and implementation in Tanzania

Tanzania’s coastal zone holds a large share of the country’s population and economic activities (both large scale commercial enterprises such as tourism and industrial production, but also small scale activities such as fisheries and agriculture generating daily livelihoods for the coastal population). The coastal zone will be significantly impacted by the impacts of climate change, including sea level rise, increased storm frequency, changed rainfall patterns and salt water intrusion just to mention a few. The coastal zone is thus a top priority in the NAP process, which Tanzania is starting up based on the LEG technical guidelines.

To prepare for the NAP process in the coastal sector, however, Tanzania has realized that any comprehensive adaptation planning in the coastal zone will need to carefully balance the interests of all public and private stakeholders. However, Tanzania has little tradition for this kind of multi-stakeholder planning processes and do not currently have the tools or experiences to handle this.

The Ministry of Environment, together with the tourism confederation of Tanzania (umbrella organization for private business sectors involved in tourism and travel), can therefore prepare a proposal for capacity development support from the ADMIRE project. Through the project's support, Tanzania will set up a mechanism for multi-stakeholder consultations and involvement in coastal adaptation planning, as well as develop the tools and policies needed to facilitate this process, e.g. for balancing the costs and benefits of small and large scale private interests, and a policy framework for securing private co-financing of adaptation costs. The outcome of this process, will be the formulation of a comprehensive coastal adaptation planning process (under the umbrella of the NAP), which can be taken to bilateral and multilateral partners for further support and financing.



27 MAY 2020