Flood risk management - India

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are the backbone of the economy in India, as they constitute most businesses and contribute significantly to employment generation and supporting livelihoods. However, every year SMEs are severely affected by recurring heavy rainfalls and flooding, causing extensive damage to buildings and other physical structures, and loss of business. Many SMEs lack adequate insurance protection, and have a lower technical and financial capacity to respond to climate and disaster risks.This means that SMEs are disproportionately affected by the negative impacts of climate change. With limited flood management services and inadequate infrastructure provided by the municipal authorities, SMEs are implementing their own temporary measures for flood protection. These are often ineffective during heavy rains and create risks of mal-adaptation. As climate change is expected to worsen the risk of flash floods with changes in intensity, frequency and duration of rainfall, SMEs need long-term solutions to build adaptive capacity and resilience.


Against this background, the objective this ADMIRE project was to enable SMEs located in targeted industrial estates to participate in the planning, designing, financing and implementing of flood risk mitigation measures. Based on analysis, and participatory processes, an innovative and sustainable approach for engaging SMEs in industrial estates was developed in close collaboration with SMEs. It consists of a step-by-step operational and financial framework to enable SMEs to identify and invest in adaptation measures, to 'climate proof’ their business to increase their climate resilience.

Click to read the full project brief.



Admire India Baseline report: Small and medium size enterprises flood impacts baseline survey - L Ward, Mumbai 

• Admire India Cost-Benefit Analysis report: Cost-benefit analysis of adaptation Investments for Flood Risk Management for Industrial Estates in Mumbai

Admire India Final project report



21 JANUARY 2022