Improved Cookstoves - Peru

Currently, 29% of Peruvian homes cook with traditional stoves (three stones and an open fire) using firewood as cooking fuel, according to the Peruvian Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM 2014). In Peru, cooking usually takes place indoors and traditional stoves are known for their low efficiency, which results in significant levels of indoor pollution. The smoke from these stoves progressively damages the ocular and respiratory health of household members, causing thousands of premature deaths annually. The negative impacts of cooking on three stones open fire have been recognized as a major cause of death among the poorest of the poor, as well as a significant driver of deforestation and forest degradation. According to the World Health Organization, household air pollution caused by cooking, lighting and heating is the most important environmental health risk worldwide (WHO, 2016). This cooking method requires significant amounts of wood – approximately 12kg per day per family (Microsol, 2014), which contributes to deforestation. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO, 2010) indicates that 50% of global deforestation is due to the collection of woodfuels, which in turn contributes to growing GHG emissions.

Meanwhile, Improved Cookstoves (ICS) represent a cost-effective solution and have the potential to improve life quality of Peruvian families’. Together with other governmental, NGO and private sector programmes, approximately 325’000 households in Peru already own an improved cook stove, reducing emissions by more than a million tons of CO2e annually. However, there are still 1 million households where an improved cookstove would improve the situation, on many levels. Providing all these households with an improved cookstove under the current approach is prohibitively costly for the government. Moreover, scaling up of the technology has been hindered by fragmentation of the sector, inefficient coordination among institutions, lack of understanding of the technology, and inadequate distribution channels.


The project aimed to address the current lack of coordination between existing initiatives related to clean cooking solutions in Peru to build an integrated, inclusive and coordinated system ready for accessing large-scale international climate finance at national scale in a systematic way.

Click to read the full project brief.



21 JANUARY 2022